Odysseus is home in Ithaca with his wife, Penelope, and his son Telemachus.
Trial and First Failure
Odysseus meets many Gods, but Athena was his main mentor/helper throughout his journey. For example, she was the one who always saved Odysseus when he was in danger and also gave him information throughout his journey.
Meeting Allies and Enemies
This is when Odysseus leaves Ithaca to go fight in the war.
The Approach/Road to Trials
This is when Odysseus and his men encountered the cyclopes and six of his men died.
This is when Odysseus "meets" Posiden when he caused a horrible storm. He "meets" Athena by her doing him favors throughout his journey.
Odysseus is stranded on an island for a very long time, his temptations arise with a woman on the island, Circe.