Rome won the first war, because of their new technology, that allowed them to fight on ships instead of just navally. This battle caused Sicily to become Rome's first overseas province.
Carthage has the strongest navy in the world! We don't have a chance!
Let's just say, these battles will not remain on the sea for long
First Punic War 264 BCE - 241 BCE
We will succeed! Our generals are going to change the naval warfare "rules"
Hannibal was able to get control of Italy, because of their invasion from the north, and due to Roman allies fleeing to Hannibal's side. This war resulted in Rome's first big losses.
Second Punic War 219 BCE - 201 BCE (Italy)
When you start to win, all of the Roman allies will align with you, no worries.
Hannibal! Your idea to attack Italy from the north was genius!
I'm not sure if I should invade Rome... They have such a strong army...
Enraged by their loss, Rome attacks Carthage, forcing Hannibal to return back to protect his home. Rome wins as they were unfazed by Hannibal's methods. Due to their win Rome wins Carthage's navy, Spain, and Carthage must pay Rome money.
I've studied their tactics, we will handle their elephants and anything else they bring.
Let's go to Carthage and remind them who the better army is!
Second Punic War 219 BCE - 201 BCE (Africa)
But their elephants! We can't compete with that!
Since Carthage was weak after losing a lot of men and money, besieging them was easy, and Rome won the final war. Through this they were recognized as a global superpower as they defeated what was once a very strong army.
Third Punic War 149 BCE - 146 BCE
Yes! And that means they're weak and low on money, let's destroy them!
Carthage remains a threat to peace everywhere! It's time we finish them once and for all!
But Cato! They've repaid their debts!
THE EFFECTS -Rome gained large amounts of land -Rome learned many different military tactics -Carthage lost a lot of money -Carthage was destroyed -Rome was now considered a global superpower