The process of mummification begins with sticking a hook up the corpse's nose and pulling out the brain.
Then, the organs are removed and placed in canopic jars. The heart, however, is left in, because the Ancient Egyptians believed that the heart was used in a weighing of the heart ceremony, where it was determined if the ka could pass on to a peaceful afterlife.
After dehydrating the body by letting it rest in salts, or natron, and stuffing it with linen, the body is wrapped in linen. Then, amulets, which help the ka survive in the afterlife, are placed on certain parts of the body.
Then, the death mask is placed on the mummy so its ka recognizes itself in the afterlife.
After that, the priest puts on The Mask of Anubis, and performs the opening of the mouth ceremony. This is done so that the ka can eat and drink in the afterlife.
Finally, small figures, or shabti, are placed in the tomb to work for the ka in the afterlife. The Book of the Dead is also put in the tomb, in order to guide the ka through the dangerous trials to get to the afterlife. The lid is put over the coffin, and the Eye of Horus is painted on the outside of the coffin, so as to help the ka see outside and into the real world for eternity. The mummification process i complete.