The first document created to govern the newly freed country of America after the War were the Articles of Confederation, but the government was very weak.So, after Shay's rebellion, Congress met again to solve the problem
Can't we just make a new document?
Although the delegates agreed on some things, a heated debate began about how the legislature would work
Representatives should be based on population!
We should just have 2 representatives per state!
Luckily, Oliver and Shellworth came along, solving the problem with what is known today as the Great Compromise. They said there could be two houses, one based on on population, one with two per state; the House of Representatives and Senate
Wait, we can compromise!
We can create a bicameral legislature, so everyone is happy!
South:slaves should count as population! They are still people, after all.
Another debate arose with the question of whether slaves should count as part of the population. The South knew they would gain more representation in the legislature if slaves were counted. But the North, sensing this, immediately argued against it. They finally came up with counting only 3/5 of the slaves.
We can count Just 3/5 of the slaves!
North: Slaves shouldn’t count as population. They’re not even citizens!
Federalist: We should make the Constitution to stabilize the nation!
The Constitution had to be ratified, so as soon as news spread, heated argument began. Federalists wanted to create the constitution and a stronger government to keep things stabilized. Anti-Federalists didn't want it, fearing a stronger government could take away their rights, like Britain.
Anti-Federalist: The government will be too strong!
Eventually the Federalists won, as the Constitution was ratified and still governs our country today.