Moses was called upon by god, throw a bush which was set aflame but not burning.To lead the israelites from egypt to the “promised land”. This would take moses 40 years, on this journey he would receive the 10 commandments. Moses died before he could lead the israelites to the “promised land”. A leader named joshua took over and led the israelites into canaan.
A kingdom known as Israel was formed, Saul was the first King. He came from the region of Benjamin. He was followed by David who was the greatest of all Kings. David also killed the Philistine Giant Goliath. David established Jerusalem as a major city. David's son Solomon built the Magnificent Temple. The land became divided, the northern kingdom was called Israel and the southern kingdom was called Judah.
The kingdom of Israel was taken over by the Assyrians they scattered the 10 tribes across the empire. The kingdom of Judah was conquered by the Egyptians. Then it was taken over again by the Chaldeans. The new King of Judea was planning a revolt against the Chaldeans. He revolted the Chaldean ruler crushed Jerusalem. The Chaldean ruler took the King of Judah and a thousand Jews and banish them to exile.
The Greek king Alexander defeated the Persians, thus allowing Judah to come under his control. Judah was renamed Palestine. King Alexander introduced the Greek language and Greek ways to Judah. After the death of King Alexander the land became divided among two of his leading Army generals. One of these lines of generals was stationed in Syria, and the other was located in Egypt.
The General of Egypt ruled Palestine until the Romans beat the Greeks in the Navy battle. The Romans demanded an enormous amount of money as a prize of their defeat. The Greek ruler and Syria decided to begin taxing the Jewish people. The Jewish people want in Independence and rebelled against the Greeks in a battle known as the maccabean war, which was led by Judas maccabaeus. The Battle was successful, the Jewish holiday of Hanukkah came from this battle.
After the Greek rule, came Roman rule. The Romans selected an Idumean Jew named Harold to rule. In A. D. 66 the zealots rebelled against the Romans and drove them out of Jerusalem. It was unsuccessful, four years later the Romans retook Jerusalem.