After the arrival of the Nazi officers, "two ghettos were created in Sighet" (Wiesel 11), this is greatly significant in this chapter due to how before this the Jews had no fear of anything happening to them since they were living peaceful and normal lives until the creation of the ghettos. The ghettos kick started the terrible events the Jews of Sighet would face, following this.
Chapter 4: Pipel's Death
Once the ghettos were demolished Elie and his family were forced into a cattle car with many other people with little food. Elie describes this lengthy experience as how, "the world had become a hermetically sealed cattle car" (Wiesel 24), which is extremely significant since this is how they were all being transported to Auschwitz.
Chapter 5: Selection
When Elie and his family first enter the camp he described its appearance that it "looked as though it had been through an epidemic: empty and dead" (Wiesel 47), which is significant as it foreshadows the mass death and cruelty that will follow as they enter the camp and are separated from their mother and Tzipora.
The night that Pipel was killed/hung was of great significance as it caused a great loss of faith within Elie and the other men is seen when one of the men ask, "for God's sake, where is God?" (Wiesel 65), this was an integral event in the desensitization of Elie as it was the first of many emotionally provoking deaths.
During the selection, Elie and his father were forced to endlessly "run as if they had the devil at their heels" (Wiesel 71), despite being completely weakened from the harsh conditions of the camp. This is significant as during this experience is when Elie almost loses his father for the first time and becomes increasingly aware of how weak he had become.