Quote- "...he made stabbing motions with his spear. From his left hand dangled Piggy's broken glasses." (Golding,168). Explanation-Piggy's glasses represent civility, and order. When Piggy's glasses are shattered, this represents the loss of all civility and order—all hell breaks loose. Without the glasses, the boys are"blind" to anything beyond violence and savagery.
Quote- "Him with the shell...let him be chef with the trumpet-thing." (Golding 22) Explanation- The boys chose Ralph to be chief because he had the conch, and it reminded them of people in charge back home. It symbolizes civility. Without the conch, chaos would rule the island.
Quote- "...his laughter became a bloodthirsty snarling...the mask was a thing on its own, behind which Jack hid, liberated from shame and self-consciousness." (Golding 64).Explanation-The masks/face paint represent the savageness within the boys. When Jack wears the mask, he becomes a more savage version of himself. He is finally able to kill the pig when he is wearing the face paint. The mask covers up the civil side of him.
Quote-"'Maybe there is a beast...maybe it's only us.'" (Golding 89) Explanation-The Beast can represent the fear that lives inside all of the boys. It shows that they should fear themselves when they turn from being civilized to being savage.
Quote- "...Simon found for them the fruit they could not reach, pulled off the choicest from up in the foliage, passed them back down to the endless, out-stretched hands." (Golding 56) Explanation-Simon symbolizes good, and is kind of like a Jesus figure. He picks fruit for all the little-uns, and always helps Ralph. He also foreshadows certain events, like Ralph surviving. That's why when he was killed, it symbolizes the end of civilization and the start of war and savagery.
Quote- "You got your small fire all right" (Golding, 41) Explanation- From the very beginning of the novel, Ralph is determined to keep a signal fire going, in case a ship passes near to the island. That's all well and good, until the first signal fire the boys light begins burning out of control, and at least one boy is missing. The fire thus becomes a symbol, paradoxically, of both the hope of rescue and of destruction.