All parties agree to making two parts for the legislative branch: One with 2 Senators per state, the other with Representatives based on population.
Large States Small States
The Virginia Plan was one of the proposed plans at the Constitutional Convention. In this plan, legislature would bicameral with a body based on the population of states. States with a higher population favored this plan because it would give them a higher amount of votes compared to other states that had less of a population.
The Electoral College
The electors have chosen James Madison!
James Madison has won the most Electoral College Votes.
The other proposed plan was the New Jersey Plan. This plan would give every state one representative in Congress, regardless of population. States with smaller populations favored this plan because they had an equal say in decisions instead of being overpowered by larger states.
The Three-Fifths Compromise
The Connecticut Compromise was the plan that was created by Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth that took aspects from the previous two plans and combined them. Every state was given equal representation in the Senate and proportional representation in the House of Representatives.
The Commerce Compromise
This route is used only for interstate trade with the South.
Instead of being chosen directly by population, the election of the president is decided by the Electoral College. States vote for electors, who then elect the president based on which political party won that state.
Southern states wanted slaves to be included as part of their population, but the northern states did not want them to count because it would give the South a higher amount of representatives. The compromise is called the Three-Fifths Compromise because every 5 slaves would count as 3 total people in terms of population.
The North wanted to create tariffs so the South would buy goods that were made in the North instead of goods created in other countries. It also encouraged interstate trade.