Northern Free States: Feelings about state additions?
I, as a Northern member of Congress, am neutral about the compromise. I do like the addition of Maine and Missouri, because it keeps the balance of slave and free states in Congress.
Northern Free States: Feelings about the 36°30′ line?
I am against slavery, as it just isn't right. That's why I Iike the 36°30 line, because it could mean the addition of new free states.
Northern Free States: Who was involved?
Us Northerners want the states above the 36°30 line to be free states.
Northerners liked the balance of slave and free states because it provided a balanced amount of power between Northerners and Southerners in Congress. However, when a state was added, Northerners only liked it if a free state that was added. If it was a slave state, that gave more power to Southerners in Congress, and it also meant the spread of slavery.
Southern Slave States: Feelings about state additions?
As a Southerner, I only want what is best for the nation. I believe that states should have the right to decide whether they want to be free or not, as it is only fair.
Northerners liked the 36°30 line because the majority of the land in the US was above the 36°30 line. That could lead to more free states being created, potentially causing slavery to die down. It could also result to Northerners holding more power in Congress if the ratio of free slaves was greater than slave states.
Southern Slave States: Feelings about the 36°30′ line?
I am not that fond of the 36°30 line because it is disrupting the balance of free and slave states in Congress. Southerners and Northerners should have the same amount of power!
Steven Douglas and Lewis Cass were the leading Northern congressmen involved in the debate that resulted in the compromise.
Southern Slave States: Who was involved?
If California becomes a free state, then New Mexico should have no restrictions on slavery.
Southerners believed that each state should decide whether or not they were a free slave or not, because they felt that it was included in their state rights. They were afraid, however, that slavery might become abolished or die down if the states became free states. That also meant more power to Northerners in Congress, which they did not support.
Southerners liked the 36°30 line in the beginning, but started to dislike it when they moved west and gained control of New Mexico and California. There, conflict was created on whether California and New Mexico should become free or slave states. They were worried that soon, there might be more free slaves than slave states.
Henry Clay and John Calhoun were the leading Southern congressmen involved in the debate that resulted in the compromise.