The Battle of Fort Sumter was the first battle of the American Civil War. The battle started from April 12 to April 13 in 1861 in Charleston, South Carolina. The Confederate Army, led by General P.G.T Beauregard, opened fire on Fort Sumter where the Union soldiers, led by Major Robert Anderson, were occupying. Since the Union was running out of supplies and their fort had been destroyed, the Union was forced to surrender; the Confederate soldiers won the Firing at Fort Sumter.
The Battle of Antietam took place on September 17, 1862, in Sharpsburg, Maryland to stop the Confederates invasion of Maryland which was viewed as one of the greatest Confederate threats to Washing, D.C. The Confederate side was led by General Robert E. Lee while Major General George B. McClellan was appointed to lead the Union troops to defend Washington D.C. against Lee. Eventually, Lee lead his troops back to Virginia, leaving the Union a victory.
Battle of Gettysburg
Through May 18, 1863, to July 4, 1863, in Warren County, Mississippi, Ulysses S. Grants led Union forces in efforts to entrap the Confederate army under Lt. Gen. John Pemberton. The Union's goal was to divide the Confederacy along the Mississippi to press for the end of the rebellion; however, the Confederacy was getting in the way of that by being in Vicksburg. Soon, the Confederate army under John C. Pemberton surrendered; the Union won this battle.
Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Court House
I surrender my army to you. I am done fighting.
Finally, we can end this war
On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln issued an edict that freed the slave of the Confederate states in rebellion against the Union. The proclamation stated "that all persons held as slaves" within the Confederate states "are, and henceforward shall be free."
Due to the Emancipation Proclamation, we don't have to be your slaves anymore. Bye!
The Battle of Gettysburg which was fought in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania from July 1 to July 3. 1863, was a Union victory that stopped the Confederate army's, led by General Robert E. Lee, second invasion of the North. George G. Meade led the Union forces to triumph in the Battle of Gettysburg. After the victory of the Union, General Robert E. Lee marched his Army of Northern Virginia into Pennsylvania in late June 1863.
We have stopped your invasion once and we will do it again
On April 9. 1865, near the town of Appomattox Court House, Virginia, General Robert E. Lee surrendered his confederate soldiers to the Union General Ulysses S. Grant. This ended the 4 year long, Civil War