In chapter 5, Nicholas Carr describes about the evolution of a computer. She describes about Alan Turing's new invention -- the “turning machine” aka “universal machine”. The chapter describes about how he wanted “the machine” to be an all-purpose product with indefinite potential. As he thought, it is one of the most used machines of all time. In addition, The author foreshadows about how the internet is making the old technologies obsolete and how everything in mankind has a consequence. he describes the different consequences and talks about what she finds is the most important. Nicolas Carr talks about how he thinks that the introduction of the internet has reduced reading time for the people. He says that different services such as “free wifi” has made people think that their free-time should be used for browsing, watching videos, social media and more. The author says that people are changing the surroundings and lifestyle according to the new technology and that this should be reversed.
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"Turing Machine" was one of the first prototypes of a computer. It was invented during the second world-war by Alan Turing. The machine was first used by the Nazis to decipher and encipher military commands and sensitive messages.
As I already said, the "Turing machine" was a blueprint to the modern day computer. The reason that made it unsuccessful is because of the speed. According to Nicolas Carr, "Even the earliest digital computer could, in theory, do any information-processing job, but a complicated task -- rendering a photograph, say-- would have taken it far too long, and cost far too much, to be practical" (83).
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Eventually, the first modern computer was released and the people were attracted to the internet's speedy response. The author claims that every good change has a consequence that follows it. Similarly, Some of the throwbacks that the internet has caused among the present generation are, it gave people the idea that free time-- is a time to spend on browsing, social media, and more. The rate of reading among students has reduced and focus has been lost
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Most workplaces in cities, towns and more have switched out to online workspace over manual services. It is believed that the sources are kept safer and put together than physically organizing it. In fact, elderly and young adults think that the introduction to the world-wild web has given them wider exposure and more contacts. But they also claim that it makes them anti-social sometimes because people are more focused on their social media life than their personal life.
Not only have jobs become online so has shopping, research, ordering food and groceries and more. Many companies such as Amazon, Google, etc have launched products that make their consumer comfortable and make things easily accessible to them. The author says that people find it easier to read e-books and e-papers over the physical versions because of the different features that it provides. It is proven that E-books are more convenient for the elderly because the size of the fonts can be adjusted, the brightness of the device and more. Although it is useful, it has gotten into attention that students cannot focus on reading actual books anymore and this has resulted in a downfall of SAT and ACT scores
Therefore, I think that computers have created a huge impact in society and can be considered both as a major call of evolution. Although it has its own setbacks, I think it is one of the best inventions of mankind and it has made people's lives so much easier.