The British Industrial Revolution began in 1733 with the invention of the flying shuttle which was a weaving machine that allowed for much weaving of cotton. This allowed unskilled workers to produce more cotton than skilled workers who did it by hand which was important in causing the industrial revolution.
Karl Marx and Socialism
Socialism is better because it guarantees social and economic rights!
No way! In capitalism, individuals with initiative are rewarded!
The new machines allowed unskilled workers to operate them which meant that there was a rising demand for factory workers. This rising demand prompted many people to move from rural areas to cities in search of a job which led to rapid urbanisation in many parts of England. In 40 years, the population of London grew from 2 million to 5 million.
The British Government Takes Actionion
These new laws will regulate child labor in factories.
Factory Act of 1833
The Luddites were a group of skilled textile workers who lost their work due to the new weaving machines. Unable to feed their families, they protested by destroying the machines that took their place. They succeeded in destroying over 100,000 British pounds worth of factory equipment in 1811 to 1813.
The Transportation Revolution
Woah! These things are way faster than the horses!
Yeah, that's why there are 6,031 miles of railroad track in England.
Another one of the responses to the negative changes that the Industrial Revolution was socialism. Socialism is a type of economy which promotes economic equality and replaces competition with cooperation. Karl Marx who is known as the father of socialism argued that capitalism rewarded greed and made it easy for the rich to get richer at the expense of poor people.
By around 1830, the British government decided to take action against the negative effects that the Industrial Revolution had on Britain by establishing various countermeasures such as health regulations, and child labor laws.
The increased need to move around products quickly and efficiently led to various innovations in transportation. The invention of the steam engine caused the invention of trains which at the time, was the fastest way to transport products on land. The steam engine also made boats much better at moving products.