The state of Maryland hereby institutes a tax on the Second Bank of the United States!
A tax?! I, James McCulloch of the Second Bank of the United States, refuse to follow this decree!
The Second Bank of the United States of America
Maryland Gets Heated
Under the 10th Amendment the state of Maryland is legally allowed to tax entities within its borders, therefore you must comply!
To the Courts!
Order! Order! Here is the case of McCulloch v. Maryland!
McCulloch and Maryland Face-Off
The Necessary and Proper Clause allows Congress to make laws as they seem fit! The Constitution does not say that Congress cannot make a bank. The states cannot interfere with this Congressional ruling!
The Constitution never gave Congress the right to establish a bank! The Constitution itself leaves all powers, not delegated within the document, to the states.
The Supreme Court rules unanimously in favor of McCulloch!
The Effects of the Ruling
This decision affirmed Congress' power of the "Necessary and Proper Clause." It also affirmed that fact that a state cannot tax a government institution, such as the National Bank, due to the Supremacy Clause