We also don't want slavery to spread into any new territories!
My fellow Northerners and I don't want this compromise because we don't want the south to have an advantage in Congress.
Northern Free States: Beliefs about Congressional Power?
The Southerners think that they can make up all these laws when we should only be following the Constitution.
Northern Free States: Fears about the Compromise?
My heart is pounding thinking that one day that there might be slaves living nearby me and how the south might be more powerful because of all these states they could be adding!
The Northerners opposed the compromise because they wanted to keep the balance in Congress. They also didn't want slavery to spread in the South.
Southern Slave States: Why did they support it?
I need more land to farm my cotton and the rest of my crops, so I need the U.S. to gain more territory west. Then I would be able to make more money.
The Northerners believed that the Constitution was the law of the land and should always be followed.
Southern Slave States: Beliefs about states' rights?
States should be able to choose for themselves if they want to have slaves or not.
The Northerners were scared of slavery being spread into free territories. They were also scared about the unbalance in Congress of free and slave states.
Southern Slave States: Fears about the Compromise?
Even though this compromise might be good for us Southerners, it might limit our spread of slavery which would lower our economy and eventually we would lose power in Congress! Even worse, this might be the start of abolishing slavery! We can't have this happen to us.
The Southerners supported the compromise, so they could expand slavery in the future when the U.S. would get Texas, Arizona, and California. Also, they could add slave state of Missouri and the other states below the 36-30 line.
They Southerners believed that the states should choose for themselves if they wanted to be a slave or free state. When they choose if the state would be free or not, they would use popular sovereignty.
It's unfair that the government gets to choose the fate of each state. They should be able to choose!
The Southerners feared that the compromise would limit the spread of slavery, lower the economy, and weaken the slave power in Congress. The compromise also might also be the gateway to abolishing slavery.