This image is from Valley forge. The man in the gray coat is Fredrich von Steuben who came to help teach the American troops. This picture took place in the winter of 1777-1778. The temperatures were very harsh and the men had little supplies. More than 1/5 died of disease and malnutrition.
The Continental Army consisted of 230,000 soldiers in total, but 145,000 Americans ended up joining the local militia. Since the American army fought in the militia they were banned from the Continental Army. This army was lead by George Washington.
The women in the war ran farms and businesses while the men served in the army. They also helped raise money for supplies. The women had sewing groups to help make uniforms for the soldiers. Others were messengers, nurses, and spies. Every once in a while they where disguise themselves as men and try and fight the war.