About 5,000 years ago, located in present-day India and Pakistan, there was a large civilization known as the Indus Valley. This civilization was located near the Indus River, as most ancient civilizations were created near rivers.
One of the major cities in the Indus Valley was called Mohenjo-Daro, which was discovered in 1922.
City of Mohenjo-Daro: -->
The homes that our people live in are made out of mudbricks, which is made by mixing clay, soil, and water together and firing it in a kiln. We spend a good amount of time on the roofs of our house because we use them as an extra room.
Welcome to Mohenjo-Daro, traveler. Would you like a tour of what our homes are like?
Our sanitation system is very advanced for our time. The dirty water was drained out into pipes to a drain on the street. Our showers had walls lined with bricks.
This is the Great Bath, an important bathing area mostly used for religious practices. Bathing for religious purposes was usually involved with purity.
Little did they know that due to people repeatedly building on top of homes, the Great Bath would be built over...
This is a seal. Most seals were used as tags in trading to identify the person, since most Indus people can't write.
But the people who did know how to write used a writing system of over 400 picture signs.
Well, it's sunset, do you think we should wait until the next day to set out? Umm, boss? Who are you talking to?
We don't use currency to buy things from people. We trade each other goods to buy things.
One of the ways people think the Indus Valley civilization collapsed is by the shutdown of trade.