Your majesty, I have the power to cure your son of haemophilia!
Really?! Have the throne! Thank you!
Karl Marx was a German philosopher who introduced communism to Russia, or as he called it, Marxism. He believed that all land should be owned publicly and people should be paid according to their abilities and their needs.
I'm not working anymore until I get paid the amount I deserve!!!
In the winter of 1916, there was a huge military crisis for the Russian armies. It all started when the Tsar had called about 9 million men to join his forces in July 1915. People were complaining about shortages of ammunition and terrible military equipment. No one knew who to trust, which caused the Russian generals to even murder their own men.
Peace, Bread, Land! All Power to the Soviets!
The Tsar became the Commander-in-Chief in the fall of 1915 and his absence from Russia caused a governmental crisis. The Tsar's wife, Tsarina Alexandra was the leader of the imperial government while the Tsar was away. In that same year by the name of Gregory Rasputin took over the throne by claiming that he could cure her only son's disease called hemophilia (a disorder of the blood). Rasputin was assassinated in December 1916 by a group of noblemen.
Now we can end the war and give the peasants the land!
Russia is finally ours!
In 1906 a new parliament rose called the Duma. The Duma was a group of politicians who were "advisers" of the Tsar. In 1916 the Duma and liberal politicians criticized the Tsar and Tsarina. In March 1917 workers went on strike and many people were unemployed, bakeries in some parts had run out of bread and the government was to be reformed.
The bread is gone! My poor daughter!
While in exile in Switzerland, Lenin, the leader of the Bolsheviks, was planning a revolution on paper. Lenin arrived in Petrograd in April 1917, he gathered the Bolsheviks and told them of his plan to end the war. Lenin then replied in his famous slogan "Peace, Bread, Land" he also declared "All Power to the Soviets!" The Power was to be given to the Soviets so Lenin could overthrow the provisional government
Leon Trotsky who was Lenin's right-hand man and the chairman of the Soviet led the Bolsheviks to take control over key points in the city to win control on November 6. In that week the Bolsheviks had control of the majority of European Russia. Immediately afterward Lenin announced two decrees. The decree on peace to end the war and the decree to give the land to the peasants.