A colony is a new territory ruled by a government someplace else.
The 13 colonies were in the far East and a bit towards the North.
Our solution to a debt problem was to tax the colonists.
The colonists aren't paying the taxes or buying things that have a tax on them.
No taxation without representation!
Meaning we won't pay the taxes unless we get to have a representative!
The Boston Massacre
This is what you get for insulting me and acting out against us.
You shot them!
No more tea!
The Boston Tea Party
Us colonists are going to have a war against you, England. Our reasons are as follows. Unfair taxes, taxes without us having a representation, unfair laws, and the untolerable acts. We can't stand this and this is why we will have a war with you.