The Texas longhorn was able to withstand many oddities. It was able to survive through extreme weather and eat prickly pears during droughts. The longhorn was also resistant a disease common in other cattle, the Texas fever. It was breed by Spanish cattle and English cattle. The longhorn was used for many different things, not just as food. The horns were used as utensils, decorations, and storage. When the Civil War started, demand for beef increased to feed the soldiers, but the Union stopped trade with Confederate states. This caused the amount of cattle in Texas to explode, and many cattle roamed wild in the state.
A few more miles!
After the discovery of oil in Beaumont the town exploded, the population rose about 40,000. With so much oil being produced the price dropped, and by 1902 the oil price hit the lowest it has ever been at 3 cents a barrel.
I've seen bigger.
City's getting quite big.
Texas’s economic development was slowed by transportation issues. The rivers in Texas were too shallow or too unreliable, and the dirt roads changed to mud during the wet season. Unfortunately, moving people/items was too expensive and dangerous. The railroads provided non-expensive, quick, and reliable source of transportation.The time it usually took for a 35 mile trip on horseback was practically less than half the time on railroads. Not only was it fast, it was also cheap. Back then, wagon freight weights averaged $1 for every 100 pounds sent 100 miles. In turn, rates for railroads were less than 50 cents for the same distance.
Great day for cotton!
Texans began to use cattle drives, where they herd groups of cattle south to feed Spanish military outposts. As the Texas cattle industry began to expand some Texans decided to drive cattle out of Texas to different markets to earn more money.
Few women and children lived in boomtowns, as it was too dirty and unorganized. Workers lived in tents and/or shacks. There was also entertainment for the workers such as gambling and drinking.
Some Texas farmers only grew cotton due to it being high in demand. But of course, to earn the money they needed a form of transportation. Railroads were cheap and an easy way to get to national markets. Some railroad companies offered low rates to ship cotton. They also built loading platforms for specifically cotton. Not only did railroads ship cotton they also shipped fruits, rice, and vegetables.