Finally! Our new system has been complete. It will benefit the people of my kingdom.
THE FIRST CRUSADE
The second crusade
During the 11th century, the Seljuk Turks established a new Muslim dynasty. The Seljuks were named after a Turkish chieftain who converted to Islam in the 10th century. The chieftain's descendants also took over Abbasid.
King Richard I
King Richard, you have been chosen to fight off our foes.
Four nobles led the first crusade. Close to 30,000 crusaders fought their way through Anatolia and went south toward Palestine. In June 1098, the crusaders attacked Antioch. Next June the crusaders scaled the walls of Jerusalem and finally, the city surrendered in 1099.
The crusaders owed their early victories in part to a lack of unity among Muslims. When the crusades began, the Seljuk Empire was already crumbling into a number of smaller states. Muslims had trouble joining together to fight the invaders.
Attack! For France!
CThe loss of Jerusalem shocked Europeans and sparked the Third Crusade. King Richard I of England, known as Richard the Lionheart, led the fight against Salah al-Din.
The crusades to the Middle East continued for another 100 years. Some crusades were popular movements of poor people rather than organized military campaigns. In 1212, for example, tens of thousands of peasant children from France and Germany marched in a “Children’s Crusade.”