In 1948 a national party had that had original Dutch settlers came to power. The government called for a apartheid that made people form "apartness." That made people stay separated from the other races that lived in South Africa.
75 percent of the population was made up of Africans but they were only work low paying manual labor jobs.
A Law made people that were black to have ID that let move freely through South Africa. PAC leaders said to blacks to mark on March 21, 1960 to a police station without there ID to protest.
On March 21, 1960 at Sharpeville cops open fire on people protesting outside there station. 69 were killed and many hurt. After this Many ANC and PAC started armed protest against the South Africa government. Later Nelson Mandela a leader of the ANC was arrested in 1962. This made people upset and started going against the government. The South Africa government later banned both ANC and PAC groups.
In 1990 de Klerk was made president. He saw how white minority rule would start a civil war if it continued. De Klerk lifted bans on the ANC and the PAC. Later he relased Mandela from prison because he had became a symbol for black racial justice. 1990 to 1991 both De Klerk and Mandela replied many unfair laws. The ANC help make an equal constitution that changed Africa for the better.