Remus and Romulus two brothers who fought over who got to name the city of Rome. The agreed that whoever saw the most birds would get to name Rome. Romules one so Rome was named after him.
The Romans had two sides the plebs were the commoners and the patricians were wealthy. In the early republic, they had a body known as the assembly to represent the Romans the patricians established the Senate to remain in control, the Senate elected two consuls for one year terms to administer the government and the army.
The early Roman empire
Rome's empire began with the conquest of the Italian peninsula. After defeating the Etruscans in 509 BC. Rome became the leader of the Latin tribes. The end of the 4th century Rome had a latin League a defensive alliance. They soon had a victory over the Greeks in Italy. Rome had conquered Italy by force. they also had three Punic wars. The Punic wars lasted from 246 BC to 146 BC.
Caesar augustest and pax romana
He was another Roman aristocratic, had become popular as a champion to the poor. Tall hansom intelligent and eloquent Caesar held many important government offices.
Antony Caesars closest friend and Octavian Caesars 18 yr. old son and legal heir ant first willing to share the power. Antony and Octavian split the dictatorship between them. then Antony fell in love with Cleopatra and started giving some of the land to her. Octavian and Antony had a violent fight causing Antony to abandoned his ships. Octavian won the battle.
He helped Rome prepare for the coming of Jesus and this was a time during peace and prosperity ( pax Ramona).