Growth of royal power in England and France

Growth of royal power in England and France

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  • On Christmas day 1066, William took the Crown of England after defeating another person who wanted power after the Battle of Hastings. He had the Doomesday census taken to learn about the kingdom. This helped William and the future kings build a successful system of collecting taxes.
  • In 1154 Henry II a well educated king inherited the throne. He expanded the system of royal justice laid the basis for common law and began the jury system.
  • John was forced to affirm a list of feudal rights called the Magna Carta protecting the Barons own privileges as well as clauses that upheld the legal rights of the townspeople. This was the basis for what is known as due process of law.
  • Edward I summoned a parlement to aprove money for his wars in France with lords and noblemen as well as middle classmen and knights.
  • In 987 fuedal nobles elected Hugh Capet to fill the vacant throne. Hugh and his heirs increased royal power. Firstly they made the throne hereditary. Then they added to their lands by by playing nobles against each other. They also got support from the church. Lastly they built an effective bureaucracy.
  • Phillip Augustus he strengthened the royal government. Instead of using nobles he paid middle class officials who would owe their loyalty to him. He granted charters to a lot of towns, organized an army and introduced new national tax. He also quadrupled royal land holdings.
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