Foreshadowing - In Homer's "Odyssey" he uses foreshadowing to foretell the fall of men and cities. 1."With Hector dead, Achilles knew, as his own mother had told him, his end was near," (Hamilton 194) foretelling of his demise despite his invulnerability, its told in his name where he will be shot and killed. His achilles tendon. 2. "All Troy exulted, her long warfare was over, her sufferings lay behind her," (Hamilton 196) is foreshadowing Troy's demise to the Trojan horse in an almost sardonic and ironic tone.
Parallel structure - In Homer's "Odyssey" we are shown parallels to emphasize the size of the Greek empire, and how nothing had befallen it. 1. "Whom great Diomedes had never overcome, nor savage Achilles, nor ten years of warfare, nor ten thousand ships," (Hamilton 196) is used to emphasize the sheer size of war that the two great empires had clashed in. 2. "Philoctetes was bitten by a serpent, a most frightful wound, it would not heal, it was impossible to carry him to Troy as he was," (Hamilton 195) is used to emphasize why Odysseus and the others left the man on the island, as otherwise the wound might have festered at sea and he would lay dead.