Sociology - Race Inequality

Sociology - Race Inequality

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  • Race and Racism
  • Social Evolution and Darwinism
  • Stereotypes
  • Make America Great Again!
  • All Mexicans are illegal and hurt our country. We will build a wall!
  • Race is a social construct that distinguishes groups of people from one another by their genetic and physical differences, like hair colour, skin colour, and facial structure. Racism is the ideology that one's own race is superior to other races, and this can lead to the unfair treatment of different racial groups. (Little)
  • To Kill a Mockingbird
  • Grocer
  • Herbert Spencer was an English "theorist" who took Darwin's Theory of Evolution and applied it to societies. He argued that just like mankind, societies also evolve and have varying stages of complexity. Western cultures were used as the standard and all other societies were compared to them. His conclusion was that non-Western societies are simple because they didn't have the same technology, therefore making the people simple and less evolved. (Whittington-Walsh) 
  • Example #1
  • According to Little, stereotypes are oversimplified ideas about a group of people. Unfortunately, stereotyping can lead to prejudice and discrimination by splitting citizens into "us" and "them" (Whittington-Walsh). This division gives more power to the majority because they are able to influence how minority groups are portrayed in society (Whittington-Walsh).
  • Example #2
  • Half white, half coloured....they're just in-betweens, don't belong anywhere
  • Harper Lee's "To Kill a Mockingbird" is set in Maycomb, Alabama during the 1930's. The plot is centred around an African-American man, Tom Robinson, who has been accused of raping a white woman named Mayella Ewell. The book is written from young Scout Finch's perspective, whose father is Tom Robinson's lawyer, Atticus Finch.
  • Tom Robinson is an African-American man who is presumed guilty because of his race. The evidence very clearly shows that he was not capable of doing what Mayella accuses him of, but the evidence is dismissed by the judge and jury. In the South, many believed African-American men were violent, aggressive, and simple-minded, which are all stereotypes and lead to discrimination. 
  • In chapter 16, Jem explains to Scout that Dolphus Raymond, the town "drunk",  has children with a black woman, resulting in mixed kids. He tells her that the white people don't accept them because they're half coloured, and the coloured people don't accept them because they're half white. Mixed children are considered a sub-class and don't fit into any social caste in Maycomb. (Lee, pg. 163)
  • Jem, what's a mixed child? 
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