March 2, 1955: Claudette Colvin(age:15): Arrested nine months before Rosa Parks for not giving up her seat for a white person. She was charged with assault, disorderly conduct, and violating segregation laws. The city’s black leaders were going to protest until they found out she was pregnant and was deemed an inappropriate symbol for the cause.
December 1, 1955: Rosa Parks arrested for not giving up her seat to a white man on the Cleveland Avenue bus when the bus driver asked her to give up her seat. She was fined $10 and her arrest ultimately caused events after this.
December 5, 1955: First day of the boycott, they did not ride the bus. Boycott was held and almost all members of Montgomery’s African American community participate (90-100%).
End Bus Segregation!
December 13, 1955: MIA (Montgomery Improvement Association) creates a carpooling system for African American residents participating in the boycott. A lot of local auto insurance policies get cancelled for the volunteer drivers, so liability insurance is provided by Lloyds of London. MLK was the leader of this organization.
February 21, 1956: More than 80 leaders of the boycott are indicted as a result of Montgomery's anti-conspiracy law.
March 19, 1956: Martin Luther King Jr. is indicted as boycott leader, he was ordered to pay $500 fine or serve 386 days in.