Mary was born in 1542, the daughter of James V of Scotland and his French wife, Catholic Mary of Guise. Her father died when she was just a few days old and she was crowned Queen of Scotland with her mother acting as regent
In 1548, at the age of six Mary was sent to be brought up and educated in Catholic France. When she was 15 she was married to Prince Francis
In 1561 Mary returned to Scotland,Whilst Mary was away Scotland became predominantly Protestant and in 1559 the Scottish Protestant lords rebelled against Mary’s mother and she was forced to flee from Edinburgh in 1559.
France were prepared to send troops to defeat the Protestant Scottish rebels. However, Elizabeth made an agreement with Scotland under the Treaty of Berwick in 1560 promising to send an army north to help defeat the French. When Mary of Guise died, French troops withdrew and Scotland returned to the rule of the Protestant lords who remained friendly with England.
In 1565 Mary married Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley and in June of the following year gave birth to a son, the future King James VI of Scotland. However, the marriage was not happy, Darnley became jealous that Mary was becoming friendly with her Italian secretary, David Rizzio. On 9 th March 1566 he and a group of friends murdered Rizzio at Holyrood Palace. He was stabbed to death!
Mary then became friendly with James Hepburn, the Earl of Bothwell. When Darnley fell ill with smallpox, Mary brought him to Kirk o’Field, a large house in Edinburgh where she nursed him daily. On the evening of 9 th February 1567 she left the house to attend a wedding. That night the house was blown up and the following morning Darnley’s body was found in the garden, he had been strangled