The third estate was the poorest estate. It made up 97% of the population. It was made up of the middle class- bankers, professionals, and workers: laborers, domestic servants, and peasants. The poor farmers paid all the taxes. They had no representation in the government, and they supported enlightenment ideas. The significance of this estate is that they were the ones suffering most- had the most justification to start the revolution because they felt like they were treated unfairly. How did the estates get this extreme seperation in the first place?
The second estate was made up of nobles and aristocrats. They made up 2% of the population and collected taxes from peasants. The second estate had their own hierarchy. They were known as lavish and not productive, not getting much done. Venality was the process of buying your way into the second estate. There were two different types of nobility. "nobles of the robe" got their status through bribery and the others were "Nobles of the sword", meaning that they got their title from military service.What separated the second estate from the first?
The first estate was the clergy, bishops, and priests. They made up only 1% of the population, but owned 10% of the land. They collected taxes from church-goers. This is also a reason that the revolution started- the church was taking money for unfair reasons, so the people didn't want to believe in the catholic church anymore.Why did people still have faith in the catholic church after the Reformation?