Colonists sail to North America to escape the large population in Europe, in search of religious and economic freedom, and to find land in the open, largely unsettled New World.
However, fighting quickly broke between the colonists, the French, and the Native Americans over a stretch of land called the Ohio River Valley. This conflict was called the French and Indian War. Although Britain and it's colonists won the war, it was extremely costly and landed Britain in deep war debt. To make up this debt, Britain began taxing the colonists.
The first tax introduced by the British was the Sugar Act, followed by many others including the Tea Act. The Tea Act gave Britain the right to control all tea trade, and made colonists pay a hefty tax.
The colonists responded by planning the Boston Tea Party, where they dressed up as Native Americans and dumped more than 300 chests of tea into Boston Harbor. They also boycotted the Tea Act by not buying any imported tea.
This angered Britain. They retaliated by creating the Intolerable Acts. These acts took away the colonists' rights to govern themselves. This created a conflict in which colonists took sides on whether to fight for independence from Britain. Those who took the side of the British were referred to as Loyalists. Colonists who believed they deserve independence were referred to as Patriots. The battle cry of these so-called Patriots was "No taxation without representation" in protest of the unfair taxes put upon them by the British.
Angered by the Intolerable Acts, the colonists revolted against the British government and the Revolutionary War began. The first battle began with the "Shot Heard Around The World" at Lexington and Concord in 1775. The war lasted for seven years before the colonists won their independence against Britain, becoming the United States of America.