The little rock nine were the first group of nine African American students to be integrated into an all White High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. They went to Central High School.
Brown vs. Board
"Seperate but equal"
Eisenhower granted U.S. Congressman Brooks Hays and Little Rock mayor Woodrow Mann's request for protection for the 9 students. Eisenhower sent in 1,100 and 1,200 federal troops of the 101st Airborne divisions and places 10,000 National Guardsmen to protect the students. The armed forces had to escort the nine African American for a year and they stopped escorting the students because the school closed after a year of the students attending the school.
Stay calm, if you do anything we did this for nothing
Stay calm we can do this.
On September 2, 1957, Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus summoned the Arkansas National Guard to report to the Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas to block any African American from entering the high school.
Results from the Ruling
On may 17, 1954 the United States Supreme court ruled the decision that in the case Plessy vs. Ferguson that public facilities were " Separate but Equal". This ruling also included public schools in the United States. The ruling "Separate but Equal" helped break segregation and provided a spark to the American civil rights unit.
The Supreme Court ruling was lead to sit ins. The ruling made African Americans realize the only way they were going to get their freedom is if they went out and got it themselves.
In response to the ruling in Brown vs. Board the little rock nine adopted a plan for integration of its schools. The first schools that would be to integrate were the high schools. This happened in September of 1957.