Northern Free States: Feelings about state additions?
We'll be a slave state.
And we will be free.
And so balance in Congress is restored. The North is relieved and they will have more land. I hope Congress will continue to determine if a state is free or not.
Northern Free States: Feelings about the 36°30′ line?
Haha South. We will expand even more above the 36'30 line until America is one good free union.
Just you wait. Slavery will die.
Northern Free States: Who was involved?
Maine must be added as a free state in order to preserve balance in the Union!
And free states north of the 36'30!
Northerners were relieved that the Missouri Compromise admitted Missouri and Maine into the union, keeping the equal balance of power between slave states and free states in Congress. The North also believed that Congress had the power to determine if a state would be free or slave.
Southern Slave States: Feelings about state additions?
This cotton is our future! We lose this, we lose our livelihood. Slavery must live on! Let popular sovereignity decide!
The North was mad that Texas was below the 36'30 line and therefore would be slave state, ensuring that slavery didn't die out in the South. Still, this line was good for the North because more of the US' territory was above the parallel so it would be admitted free.
Southern Slave States: Feelings about the 36°30′ line?
Thank goodness slavery will move into the west. As of now the North has more room for expansion, but slavery will survive and for that I am grateful. I hope new territories bring us more power.
Stephen Douglas and Lewis Cass were both leading advocates for the North in the Missouri Compromise. They ensured that some of the North's wishes were honored, which is evident by the addition of Maine as a free state and the division between free and slave states along the 36'30 parallel, giving the North more room for expansion at the time.
Southern Slave States: Who was involved?
We must protect our livelihood. Expand slavery to the West!
Southern States feared that limiting the addition of slave states in the South would be the beginning of the end of slavery, which leads to the end of cotton, a major industry in the South. It was their view that the people in the states, not Congress, should be able to decide if they were slave or free.They were also scared they would lose seats in Congress to the Northern free states.
The South was pleased that new slave states would be added to the union, ensuring that slavery would continue on. Though the North had more opportunity for expansion because of the location of the 36'30 line, the South would still expand slavery in the West.
Henry Clay and John C Calhoun were leading representatives for the South in the Missouri Compromise. They made sure that slavery was not contained in the Southeast and instead would expand outwards, South of the 36'30.