Region: Grain Farming, (North Central USA, South Central Canada, and NW Europe) Climate: Warm, Dryish Crops Grown: Wheat, Corn, Oats, Rice, Barley, Millet Not Grown: To dry for Mixed Crop and Livestock agriculture
Grain Farming (North Central USA) By: Tanya Magesh
Welcome to my grain farm! My name's Otto. Nice to meet you!
Compared to dairy farming, my life is so much different. I don’t have to take care of any livestock (cows), and I don’t have to mass produce a product, that is highly perishable. Dairy farming is highly labor intensive, even though machines can milk the cows. The effort required to grow wheat is not uniform throughout the year for grain farmers.
Now, compared to Plantation Farming, there are differences and similarities. Like Grain Farming, Plantains Farming takes place on a large commercial farm. But, a plantation only focuses on 1 or 2 crops for the entire farm, whereas on a grin farm there are many different grains being grown. Lastly, grain collection is also a breeze due to the use of machines, like the combine. On plantations, workers are hired to harvest the crops year round.
One of the challenges get faced by grain farmers is, due ti the overproduction of grain crops, the US government is buys surplus production and buys or sells it to other countries (mostly peripheral). Food stamps are also used to encourage food purchase.
The greatest challenge to the world’s food supply is food prices, rather than the supply itself. The UN explains record high prices for 4 reasons: Poor Weather, Higher Demand, smaller growth in productivity, and the use of crops in biofuel rather than in food. Prices have doubled between 2006 and 2008, and this has also increased the price of farmland, especially in prime agricultural areas.
Grain farming impacts the world food supply because Grains from the US alone account for nearly 25% of all grains in the global market. Grains like wheat, are mass produced and are sold at a higher price compared to other grains, because it has more uses as human food, and be easily without spoiling, and can be long distances. And due to is high value per unit weight, it can be shipped profitably from remote farms to markets.