Homestead Strike

Homestead Strike

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  • In 1892 the prices of steel declined so Henry Frick (General Manager of the Homestead steel plant) decided to try to lower the wages of the steel workers and break up the Amalgamated Association of iron and steel workers. Carnegie supported Frick and ordered that Frick close down the mill if the union did not agree to the terms.
  • At the end of June, Frick started closing down mills and stopped negotiating with the union on June 25th. He stated he would only negotiate with the workers individually. The union only made up 750 of 3,800 workers, but 3,000 of them voted to strike. Frick responded by building a fence around his factory.
  • Workers forced the Deputy sheriffs sworn into guard the factory out of time and they took to guarding the factory Frick forced them out of.
  • After the deputies failed Frick turned to the Pinkertons. The Pinkertons traveled down the Mononghela river to try to subdue the workers, but a battle ensued that caused the Pinkertons to retreat.
  • The governor called in the state militia who quickly subdued the strike.
  • The strike was subdued and Carnegie Steel had successfully took unions out of their factory and Strike busters were brought in by the train load to work in the factory.
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