In December 1965, a meeting was held at Christopher Eckhardt's house. A group of students gather together to plan a public showing of their support for a truce in the Vietnam war. They decided to wear black armbands throughout the holiday season.
We're gonna wear these armbands!
The principles at Des Moines school found out about this and wanted to prevent it. When they got there, they told them that wearing armbands was not allowed. The students were very upset about this.
You can't wear those armbands!
So, with the help of their parents, they went to court! They argued that the school was taking away their first amendment rights. They believed that they had the right to express their beliefs with their armbands.
The school is being unconstitutional!
The majority of the court agreed that the school was taking away their first amendment rights. Justice Abe Fortas wrote that the armbands represented pure speech. He said that it is entirely separate from the actions or conduct of those participating in it.
You are correct!
The majority agreed that if the school wants to take away the armbands, they must have evidence that they "materially and substantially interfere" with the operation of the school.