How does a bill become a law

How does a bill become a law
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  • 1. Drafting of Bills
  • Class Size Requirements: Kindergarten through third grade 20 students per class
  • 2. Introduction of Bills
  • 3. Reference to Committee
  • I agree with the Bill.
  • I think this bill should be amended. The class size requirements should be 23 instead of 20.
  • The majority of the committee agrees with the bill. The bill has passed committee.
  • Representatives Chuck McGrady, Jeffrey Elmore, and Chris Malone have decided to create a bill that requires North Carolina Schools to have a class size requirement. They think that classes should not exceed 20 students. This bill shall be put in place for kindergarten through third grade. 
  • 4. Consideration by First House
  • The bill is introduced by representative Jeffrey Elmore to the North Carolina House of Representatives. The bill has now passed its first reading.
  • 5. Consideration by Second House
  • The Speaker of the House of Representatives assigns the bill to the committee of Education. At this committee they decide if amendments need to be made to the bill. They decide if the bill "passes" committee. 
  • 6. Concurrence in Amendments 7. Enrollment, Ratification, and Publication
  • This bill is now a law in North Carolina!
  • The bill is presented to the whole House of Representatives. The chair will recognize the sponsors of the bill, which recommended the bill for passage. They explain the bill, and then any members who wish to speak for or against the bill will be heard. A vote is taken, if it is favorable, the bill has then passed its second reading.
  • I vote NO!
  • We vote YES!
  • After a bill has passed it third reading in the House of Rep. then it is sent to the Senate to be referred to committee, and if approved, is debated on, and voted on at the second and third readings on the floor.
  • We all agree with the House!
  • 6. If the original house does concur, the bill is ready to be enrolled and made into a law.  7. After a bill passes both houses, it is enrolled. The Bill is given to the governor for his approval or veto. The Governor signs or if he takes no action within 10 days, the bill automatically becomes a law.
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