for social studies
I refuse to leave my half-ripe crops!
You and the Apache Indians will be going to the San Carlos Reservation
Historians say Victorio was probably born in 1825 in New Mexico to the Apache Indians, and little is known about his early life.
These conditions are terrible! Loco, gather the Apaches, we are going towards Mexico!
In 1863 he is said to have joined Mangas Coloradas, when he died, Victorio emerged as a tribal leader. Victorio gathered a band of 300, consisting of Eastern Chiricahuas and Mescaleros.
Suprisingly, Victorio and his followers did little raiding until after April 20, 1877, when the U.S government told Victorio to move to the San Carlos reservation in Arizona. Victorio first protested to leaving his half-ripe crops but did what he was told.
When Victorio got to the San Carlos reservation in Arizona, he found out the conditions were terrible, so Victorio and his aide Loco led several hundred Apaches off the reservation toward Mexico.
Victorio began his 3 years of raiding in Texas, Mexico, and New Mexico. Victorio mostly raided between Fort Davis and El Paso in Texas and was pursued by the Black 9th and 10th United states Cavalries.
On September 1880, Col. Joaquín Terrazas and his volunteers tracked the Apaches into a mountain range 60 miles into Mexico. On October 15 of the same year, Terrazas and his second in command, Juan Mata Ortiz, surrounded and massacred Victorio and his Warriors. The Apache Women and Children were taken prisoners for the next several years.
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