Integration of Little Rock High School In Arkansas, 1957
Arkansas Governor Orville Wallace
I will NOT integrate Little Rock High School!
After WWII, president Truman ordered the integration of all armed forces. This marked the first major sector of American life that became desegregated, and was the unofficial start of the civil rights movement
Freedom Rides/ Lunch Sit Ins, 1960
Y'ALL CAN'T SIT THERE!
In 1955, Rosa Parks, a highly educated civil rights activist, refused to give up her seat for a white man on a bus in Montgomery, AL, and was arrested. This launched the Montgomery bus boycott, in which African Americans boycotted busses for over a year until the law was changed.
March on Washington, 1963
I had a dream!
After Brown vs. Board of Education, all public schools were ordered to integrate. However, the governor of Arkansas forcefully banned 9 black students from attending Little Rock High School. In response, President Eisenhower sent federal troops to escort the students to school safely for a year
Civil Rights Act of 1964
In an effort to integrate lunch counters and interstate busses, many black and white college students banded together to take up seats, and when one group was arrested another would quickly fill their spots. After a bus of freedom riders was attacked and burned, President Kennedy ordered the desegregation of all interstate busses.
Rallying behind Martin Luther KIng Jr, over 200,000 people of all races marched on Washington DC calling for racial equality, and listened to King deliver his famous 'I had a dream' speech. The march ensured that President Kennedy had the support to advocate for civil rights.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was signed into effect by President Johnson, and banned racial segregation and employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex and national origin.