Ships arrived carrying traders and merchants. Many of the missionary's tried to convert the Hawaiians to Christianity. Soon afterward the missionary's started settling there and began raising crops.
King Kalakaua officially becomes king. But Americans already control most of the land and economy. But King Kalakaua was a nationalist. He didn't like Americans controlling everything. So he gained back control over the economy and land and put native Hawaiians back into power.
The Americans created a secret democracy in Hawaii. The secret democracy was named the Hawaiian League. King Kalakaua didn't want to give up the independence to any part of Hawaii. Which anger the Hawaiian League which forced them to make King Kalakaua sign new constitution at gun point. Which the King later called the Bayonet Constitution due to anger.
When the Americans started settling there they brought along with them diseases. Which the Hawaiians had no immunity too. So by 1893 there were 40,000 Hawaiians left in the population. When more and more American's tarted coming to the island the sugar industry begin booming. Since there were few native Hawaiians left, the American's started bringing over workers from Japan, China, and the Philippines.
Grover Cleveland was president and didn't want to bother the Hawaiians because he didn't agree with annexation. Then when William McKinley was in office he took over Hawaii. Which declared Hawaii an official territory of the United States.
Hawaii officially became the 15th state in the United States in 1959. They later apologized to Queen Liliuokaalani for overthrowing her to get Hawaii to become a state. So they Americans first claimed Hawaii as a US territory but now Hawaii is offically a state of the United States.