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Translation changes RNA into an peptide chain. First, mRNA,tRNA and ribosomal subunits assemble during initiation.
Then, mRNA moves a codon at a time and tRNA with a complementary anticodon pairs with each codon, adding the amino acid to the peptide chain.
This happens until a stop codon is reached. And peptide bonds hold amino acids together.
Like Transcription, the base pairs are Adenine-Uracil and Cytosine-Guanine.
Both of these processes are part of Protein Synthesis. Protein Synthesis is the transfer from DNA-RNA-Proteins.
In these processes, tRNA is used. tRNA is transfer RNA. tRNA transports amino acids to the site of translation.
Codons are 3 nitrogenous bases put together to match with their anticodon complementary pairs.
rRNA is ribosomal DNA which is used to translate mRNA to proteins.
Let's look at the diagrams!
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