In Congress, it was passed by the Senate on April 8, 1864, and by the House on January 31, 1865
During Reconstruction, three amendments to the Constitution were made in an effort to establish equality for black Americans
It abolished slavery and involuntary servitude in the United States.
the 13th amendment was ratified on December 6, 1865
The 13th amendment granted slaves free in te United States, they were now free from their masters.
“Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”
If it wasnt for the 13th amendment, slavery would still be legal in the United States .
the Southern states quiclky passed laws to restrict the little freedom that the formr slaves ahd. As apart of the reconstruction pperiod, congress added 2 more amendements to end all of the chaos.
Even though the amendment abolished slavery, factors such as the "Black Codes" and white supremacist violence continued to subject the black americans in involuntary labour, especially in the South
The 14th amendment guaranteed citizenship to all people born in the United States regardless of their race.
The Reconstruction amendments focused mainly on civil rights and rebuilding the war-torn nation.
It also gave all citizeens the right to Due Process and equal protection under the law.
Due process means peole have the right to be treated fairly under the government.
The 15th Amendment gave all men the right to vote regardless of their race.
By 1870, all the former Confedaerate states hhad been readmitted to the Union, and most wer controlled by the Rep. party
The 15t Amendment granted the right to vote to all male citizens, now African Americans could vote an run for office.
The 15th amendment was ratified on February 3,1870. it was the third and last of the Reconstruction Amendments.