We rely on rain fed agriculture rather than irrigation as we want to avoid high energy prices. Some months it is too dry to support growing crops.
We are mainly subsistence farmers but sometimes we experience a 'hunger season'
Extreme weather, pests and diseases, and long term hot temperatures all cause difficulties
In central Tanzania, the rainy season typically lasts from November through April, after which the weather becomes too dry to support growing crops.
In good years, farmers have enough grain left over to sell as income, but when crops fail, families often experience an annual “hunger season,” a time of meal skipping and substitution until the next harvest.
- In 2016, farmers in Eastern and Southern African saw the most severe drought in decades, which dramatically reduced harvests and left many families hungry. - Changes in temperatures and moisture conditions can allow crop diseases and pests to migrate into new areas. - Average global temperatures are expected to rise over the coming decades, which could lead to desertification and smaller harvests in Sub-Saharan Africa. If global temperatures increase by 4 degrees Celsius by the year 2100, maize yields in some African countries would probably decline by more than 20 percent, according to a study published last year.