Pandemic: disease occurring over a wide geographic area and affecting an exceptionally high proportion of the population. The Black Death was a pandemic that ravaged Europe with the peak of it’s spread ranging from the years 1347 to 1351. Known as one of the most deadly disease outbreaks in history, the Black Death is said to have killed 75 to 200 million people throughout Eurasia. From the years 1348 to 1420, it is estimated that the Black Death had killed 30%-60% of the population of Europe. Entire villages were completely wiped out from the plague. Some historians claim that there was often not enough people left alive to bury the dead. It took 200 years for the world population to recover from the devastation of the Black Death and outbreaks were recorded in Europe up until the 19th Century. It received the name Black Death because of the dramatic swelling of it’s victims lymph nodes which would appear bloody and black when untreated. Most outbreaks of the plague in the last 20 years have been in Africa, primarily in small villages and not urban areas.