Social Studies

Social Studies

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  • I am a African American man from the 1900's . When America joined World War |, they didn't have enough people in their military, so the congress passed the Selective Service Act. The act required all men in the age range of 21-31 to join the  military. The African Americans joined eagerly, wanting to prove their worth to their fellow citizens.  After the congress recruited the Americans to fight in the war, they singled out the positions that the African Americans could work for.  Even though the African American men trained for battle, many few got to serve in the battle. Most were  limited to labor battalions. 
  • Whites
  • Blacks
  • African American Soldiers
  • I am President Woodrow Wilson. When war broke out in 1914, I tried to stay out of it, but a British liner was torpedoed off a coast of Ireland, killing 128 Americans. Several  weeks later, a German boat sunk the American liner, Housatonic.
  • Angry whites handcuffing a black veteran
  •  The Americans were anxious while the war still raged on, because they thought that the African Americans would demand equality when they got back from the war.  When the African Americans did get back from the war, riots sprang up from tense Americans in twenty-six cities across the country. Despite their treatment,  African Americans still worked in the military, including the veterans from World War 1 who came home to such violence and ingratitude. It was not until 1948 when Harry S. Truman issued a order to desegregate the military.  The Harlem Hellfighters  were a group of African American men fighting in the military. They were part of the Allied Powers in World War 1.  
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