"Think for yourselves and let others enjoy the privilege to do so, too"
"The reason why men enter into society is the preservation of their property"
Voltaire was born in France in 1694. Voltaire is a penname, and his real name is Francios-Marie Arouet. After his mother died when he was young, and he lived with his free-thinking godfather, Abbe de Chateauneuf. He went to a Catholic college, but that made his scepticism towards religion stronger. He believed that no one religion contained all the truth, but instead that every religion had a core truth. The Church was upset about his beliefs and had him exiled and arrested, and he was also forced to flee. His opinions on free speech and religious tolerance inspired early American political thinkers.
John Locke was born in the English country side in 1632. When he was young there was a civil war with King Charles, and the Parliamentarians. His father fought with the Parliamentarians, and his political beliefs were inherited by his son. John Locke went to Oxford at the age of 20, and went on to write "Two Treatises of Government", which was about a theory that justified Parliaments actions, and he denied the devine right of monarchs to rule. He also believed that the government should protect the peoples natural rights and that the people are the sole source of power, and that if the government did not protect their rights, they could be overthrown.