Updated: 2/13/2021

Storyboard Text

  • Thomas Hobbes
  • Big Idea: Believed that humans were naturally selfish, wicked, and evil.We give up freedom in exchange for an organized society (enter a social contract)
  • “Life is nasty, brutish, and short”
  • John Locke
  • Big Idea: People are naturally good, are born free and born with natural rights (life, liberty, property). Govt. is to protect our natural rights.
  • “Being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions.”
  • Big Idea: Power should be separated through 3 branches of government (legislative, executive, judicial). Checks and Balances: branches should be able to stop the other from abusing powers.
  • Baron De Montesquieu
  • "The less men think, the more they talk."
  • Jean Jacques Rousseau
  • Big Idea: People are born free and equal. Government must have people's permission to rule. People agree to give up some freedoms for the common good (social contract)
  • “Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains.”
  • Mary Wollstonecraft
  • Big Idea: Women are born free & equal. Women can decide what is in their own interest without depending on their husbands. Equal education for girls & boys is the only way women can participate equally with men.
  • “I do not wish them [women] to have power over men; but over themselves.”
  • Voltaire
  • Big Idea: Political and religious freedom. Wrote with sarcasm and sharp wit. Through his writing, fought enemies of freedom and intolerance. Freedom of religion and free trade.
  • "It is dangerous to be right in matters on which the established authorities are wrong."