Big Idea: Believed that humans were naturally selfish, wicked, and evil.We give up freedom in exchange for an organized society (enter a social contract)
“Life is nasty, brutish, and short”
Big Idea: People are naturally good, are born free and born with natural rights (life, liberty, property). Govt. is to protect our natural rights.
“Being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions.”
Big Idea: Power should be separated through 3 branches of government (legislative, executive, judicial). Checks and Balances: branches should be able to stop the other from abusing powers.
Baron De Montesquieu
"The less men think, the more they talk."
Jean Jacques Rousseau
Big Idea: People are born free and equal. Government must have people's permission to rule. People agree to give up some freedoms for the common good (social contract)
“Man is born free, and everywhere he is in chains.”
Big Idea: Women are born free & equal. Women can decide what is in their own interest without depending on their husbands. Equal education for girls & boys is the only way women can participate equally with men.
“I do not wish them [women] to have power over men; but over themselves.”
Big Idea: Political and religious freedom. Wrote with sarcasm and sharp wit. Through his writing, fought enemies of freedom and intolerance. Freedom of religion and free trade.
"It is dangerous to be right in matters on which the established authorities are wrong."