The Nazi rise to power
Updated: 5/18/2020
The Nazi rise to power
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Storyboard Text

  • The Reichstag fire
  • Order, Order. I call a new election of the Reichstag Order, Order. I call a new election of the Reichstag
  • Thank you, my leader. 
  • The Riechstag. The Riechstag.
  • Somewhere in the Reichstag
  • Election
  • The Enabling Act
  • The Reichstag Fire was a dramatic arson attack occurring on February 27, 1933, which burned the building that housed the Reichstag (German parliament) in Berlin. With the approval of Germany's President Hindenburg, Adolf Hitler decreed the "Ordinance for the Protection of the German People", which allowed the police to ban any publications which were a threat to public order.
  • More Elections
  • A few days after the fire, in the election on 5 March 1933, 44 per cent of the German people voted for the Nazis, who won 288 seats in the Reichstag. This was still not the two-thirds majority Hitler needed, but this did not stop him.
  • The night of long knives
  • On the 23rd of March 1933, the Enabling Act was passed by the Reichstag 441 votes to 94.This Act gave Hitler the right to make laws without the Reichstag’s approval for the next four years.Arguably this was the most critical event during this period. It gave Hitler absolute power to make laws, which enabled him to destroy all opposition to his rule.This Act removed the Reichstag as a source of opposition. The Reichstag rarely met for the remainder of Hitler’s time in power
  • Death of Hindenburg and Germany under Nazi rule
  • president Hindenburg died during the night, sir.
  • When a new Reichstag election was held in December 1933, the Nazis won 92 per cent of the vote.
  • On 30 June 1934, Hitler ordered the SS (i.e. the Schutzstaffel who were Hitler's personal body guards) to murder approximately 400 people, including Röhm.They were mostly SA leaders but also included were a number of other opponents that Hitler wanted to eliminate, like the previous Chancellor, Kurt von Schleicher. In public, Hitler justified the slaughter by accusing the SA of being homosexuals and plotting against Germany.
  • When President Hindenburg died on 2 August, Hitler did not hold an election to replace him. Instead, he declared himself jointly President, Chancellor and Head of the Army and he became known as the Führer (leader).This formally made Hitler the absolute ruler of Germany. He now also had the President’s power of decree and the ability to call and dismiss the Reichstag when he wanted.
  • I shall now become President, Chancellor and Head of the Army (and ruler over the whole of Germany)
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