In the Beginning Remus and Romulus were in a argument. So they got into a fight about that got out of hand and Remus died. So Romulus named the city Roma.
Rome was first governed by Latin Kings. Most citizens belonged to the large class of people known as Plebeians. The first three Latin tribes to settle on Romes hills were known as Patricians.
The early Roman empire
We shall split the empire into two parts
Romes empire began with the conquest of the Italian peninsula. After defeating the Etruscan's in 509 B.C.
Caesar Augustus and the Pax Romano
Julius Caesar was a Aristocrat. Caesar spent 9 years conquering Gaul and provided himself to be one of history most brilliant generals and clever politicians. He was assassinated on March 15, 44 B.C. by a group of senates.
The two leading candidates to replace Caesar were Antony, Caesars closest friend , and Octavian , Caesars 18-year-old adopted son and legal heir. So they split the Roman Empire from 44 to 31 B.C.