How a Bill Becomes a Law

How a Bill Becomes a Law

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  • woohoo
  • It's a big day on Capitol Hill. Constituents, interest groups, and the executive have all proposed a bill.
  • yay 
  • Not really
  • In each house, the proposed bill has been assigned to a committee to discuss the bill. The subcommittee will hold hearings and testimony and mark up the bill. It will then go back to committee where it could die or be passed onto the floor. If the committee decides not to act on a bill, the committee chair can pigeonhole the bill, letting it die. There may also be discharge petition, which allows the bill to go straight to the floor without action by the committee.
  • We're making progress
  • The bill is then put on calendar and up for debate on the floor. In the House of Representatives, it must go through the Rules committee before getting voted on.
  • Where'd everyone go?
  • The bill is now on the floor. In the House, there must be a quorum of 100 for debate. Lawmakers may filibuster or delay the vote of a bill. Once the debate is over, the bill may head to the conference committee where the house and Senate iron out differences. To end a filibuster in the Senate, they proceed with a cloture and vote. The amende dbill in the senate must be approved by the house. After that, it goes to the president.
  • Settle down
  • The president can veto the bill or sign it into law. He may also ignore it either leading to a pocket veto (if congress is no longer in session) or passage into law.
  • I Love Russia...
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