As you can see, our food and fur are becoming more limited, let us move west!
Phase 3: Rival Networks 1670-1760
To St. Lawrence
I don't want to die!
I have a family to look after! My life can't end here!
Europeans came to fish cod off the east coast. The British setup stations on the shore to dry their fishes, and other Europeans, including the French, came to shore to refresh their water supplies. The British often went ashore because they did not set up permanent settlements, instead, they just dried their fishes. They started to trade for skins, knives, iron goods, and what else of what they had.
Phase 4: The Drive West 1760-1821
At Québec, ships unloaded trade goods from France and they loaded furs for France. Then the Smaller boats transported goods and furs between Québec and Montréal. During the war, the Haudenosaunee had won support from the Dutch and then the British used the conflict to challenge the French for domination of the fur trade. Furs and food became limited and so traders and middlemen moved west.
Phase 5: Monopoly in the West 1821-1870
Hudson's Bay company was created, as the middlemen working for the French and the British trading networks were the Cree and Nakoda. Voyageurs, became crucial in the French fur trade because they were hired to make canoe trips from St. Lawrence, to forts. The voyageurs sell their goods, then they return to Michilimackinac, and go down to Montréal in a convoy. They risk their lives while the Haudenosaunee, who are at war with France and might attack the convoys along the trip.
Montréal and Hudson Bay trade and came under the British mercantile system. The French had focused on resources (furs) but the British wanted the land. The NWC took control of all the French Trade networks. This commenced the competition between the NWC and the HBC. The NWC was owned by British Merchants, but it depended on Canadien and Métis workers.
The HBC lost a court case against Métis traders supplying pemmican and furs to Americans. Britain began to think that Americans might use these economic associations to take control of Rupert’s Land. The buffalo started to disappear, beaver became scarce and so European demand for furs began to drop.
In the end, The NWC (British) and the HBC (France) were no longer competing companies. The British treated the First nations as obstacles and they only wanted to land, and the French saw them as partners to convert them to Catholic.