The French and Indian War started because of claim on the Ohio River Valley. Both the French and England want the land. The British won, but left them with money problems. They started taxing the colonist and the colonist were not happy about it.
First Continental Congress1774
In Boston an angry crowd of workers and sailors surrounded a small group of soldiers. They shouted and threw snowballs and rocks at the soldiers. The frightened soldiers fired into the crowd, killing 5 and wounding 6. The first to fall for American independence was Crispus Attucks, an African American soldier.
"Shot Heard Round the World"1775
The Tea Act was intended to help the British East India Company. The East India Company now had a monopoly on selling British tea in the colonies. This made the colonist angry. In Boston, a large group of men disguised as Native Americans boarded the tea ship. During the next three hours they threw 342 cases of tea in the harbor. They destroyed 90,000 pounds of tea worth thousands of dollars.
Battle of Bunker Hill1775
The First Continental Congress was formed because ofthe Intolerable Acts. At the meeting Congress demanded a repeal to the Intolerable Acts and declared that the colonies had a right to tax and govern themselves. It called for the training of militias. The Congress also called for a new boycott of British goods. They voted to meet again in May 1775 if their demands were not met.
The British government had no intention of meeting the demands of the First Continental Congress. In the town of Lexington about 77 minutemen were waiting for the British to arrive. The British commander ordered the minutemen to go home, but they refused. Suddenly a shot rang out. Nobody knows who fired the first shot, but it turned out to be the first shot of the American Revolution.
The American colonist learned that the British were going to send troops to Boston The American colonist learned that the British were going to send troops to Boston and to take the high ground. They wanted the hill so they could have a close watch on the city. Twice the British marched up the hill and twice the Americans defended it. On the third attempt, the Americans ran out of ammunition and the British successfully captured the hill. The American colonists were very proud of themselves as this proved they could hold their own against the British.